Benefits of breastfeeding for the baby

Breastfeeding has multiple benefits for the baby. It has sometimes been abandoned, mainly because it is difficult to reconcile with work activity on many occasions. However, it is worth listing the benefits of breastfeeding the baby and from there each mother will be the one to make the decisions that she deems appropriate.

The first moments

From the outset, say that the newborn should be put to the breast in the first minutes after birth. By doing this, the baby calms down and copes more easily with fears of a new environment that she is unfamiliar with. Furthermore, this early contact with her mother creates a strong emotional bond between mother and child from that moment on. On the other hand, doing this will promote milk production by the mother.

This first milk, called colostrum, can be scanty and a little watery. It is normal. Colostrum concentrates a series of defenses against the risks of infection and also contains substances that will help the baby to mature in the intestine and respiratory tract. So although colostrum may seem scarce, it is sufficient.

Colostrum

Colostrum is the first milk that a woman produces, and it is thicker and more yellowish in color than the definitive milk, of mature milk.

Its composition is different from mature milk:

• It is thicker, so as not to overload the newborn with fluids

• Its amount is less, to help the newborn lose excess weight. In that sense, there is no need to worry about its low quantity.

• With higher protein content, which is essential in those first moments

Meconium, newborn feces

The newborn should make his first bowel movement in the first 12 hours after birth, it is a sign that his intestine is working properly.

That first stool, and the following during the first two or three days, are thick and dark green.

Breast milk

Optimal nutrient composition

Breast milk has a composition of nutrients and a balance of the same that makes it an optimal diet for the baby. Its composition of minerals and ions is similar to blood plasma, and hence it provides the necessary amount of water and mineral elements, and that does not require any extra supplement.

These nutrients also prevent, in the short term, allergic diseases and, in the long term, diseases such as atherosclerosis, diabetes and obesity.

Low in protein

Breast milk has a relatively low protein content compared to the milk of other animals, for example, cows, about 1g / 100 ml (cow’s milk has three times as much).

 This low protein content means that the baby’s immature kidneys are not overloaded with nitrogenous waste products from their metabolism.

And on the contrary, compared to cow’s milk again, high-quality proteins such as whey predominate.

Thus, breast milk is very rich in essential amino acids such as taurine, carnitine, cysteine, histidine, isoleucine and leucine.

Infection prevention

Breast milk contains a series of living cells and immune components that prevent infections in the baby.

Presence of lipids and fatty acids

It contains a large amount of lipids and fatty acids. These components are essential for the growth and maturation of essential organs such as the baby’s brain and liver.

Sterile and at the right temperature

Since it is at the temperature of the human body, its temperature is optimal. In addition, it cannot be contaminated from the outside because it passes directly into the baby’s mouth, so it does not contain germs.

Affective ties with the mother

Through breastfeeding, the baby develops a greater emotional bond with the mother, which has positive repercussions for her emotional development.