Bottle feeding

Bottle milk is good too

Despite what we commented in another post in the sense that breastfeeding is ideal due to the composition of breast milk and emotional benefits, however, on many occasions such breastfeeding is not possible and it is necessary to resort to breastfeeding. artificial feeding with a bottle.

If that is your case, you can use a bottle with special milk for the baby that is also good.

These special milks have been designed in such a way that their composition is as close as possible to the composition of breast milk, despite the fact that they do not have the anti-infective substances or the living cells of it.

The milks of other animals, such as cows, sheep, etc., are not useful, since the composition of nutrients is very different from mother’s milk.

Composition that special milk for babies should have

In June 1994, the European Community issued a Directive that regulated the composition that bottle milk should have, and that the Government of each country had to verify that each manufacturer complied with it. These were the specifications regarding the starter and continuation milks:

CompositionBreast milkStarter milksFollow-on milks
Energy (kcal)6864-7260-80
Proteins (g)11,2-21,8-3,2
Casein / protein40/6040/6080/20
Fat (g)3,8-42,7-4,22,3-4,6
Linoleic acid (g)0,7-1,30,2-0,8>0,2
 Carbohydrates (g)74,8-9,55-10
Lactose (g)6,5>2,4>1,3
Sodium (mg)3214-4016-58
Calcium (mg)34>34>63
Iron (mg)0,50,3-10,7-1,4

If you want to read more about the standards that commercial brands of baby milk must comply with, you can go to the ESPGHAN website , which is a European Scientific Society specialized in nutrition studies, with studies very complete in relation to baby food.

Starter milks

Starter milks, or type 1, are suitable for the baby from the moment of birth to 6 months.

They cover all the baby’s needs, so it is not necessary to give him any other additional food. Water could only be given if the baby loses it excessively through sweat or when the baby has a fever. In that case, this extra water should be given between bottle feedings. The water should be sterile or of low mineralization.

Follow-up milks

The follow-on milks, or type 2, are suitable for the baby from 6 months.

They are richer in protein and iron, since more are needed at this stage.

On the other hand, from 5 or 6 months you should start giving baby food, which provide other types of necessary nutrients. The baby food should be taken in small spoonfuls since the baby has already acquired the ability to swallow the semi-liquid food that is put in his mouth.

What about Vitamin D

The baby needs amounts of vitamin D that are not satisfied by breast milk. Vitamin D is also obtained through sun exposure, so you may be able to get it that way.

If this is not possible, the Spanish Pediatric Association and the American Pediatric Association recommend giving breastfed babies a daily supplement of 400 I.U. (U.I stands for International Unit, and it is a unit of measurement of a substance).

ATTENTION: Do not give excessive amounts of vitamin D as it is harmful to health.

Babies who drink bottle milk do not need these supplements because the composition of this milk already includes vitamin D.